In 2019, Australia began to fight the flames of wildfires that wouldn't last days or weeks; they would last for months. In the face of the tragedy of lost lives and the courage of those intent on fighting the flames, what is really happening in Australia? Why is it happening? Why didn't the government do something to prevent the fires in the first place? Learn about the Australian Wildfires in this episode.
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Welcome to Let's Talk Global warming. My name is Stevie, and just a reminder this is a purely informational channel. All of my fax come from verified and dependable sources, all of what you can check yourselves the links. In the description of this episode, we're going to take a break from greenhouse gases to talk instead about the most recent global warming disaster since October. Walt bars were sent. Anything seen in years have been destroying Australia. And according to CNN, the worst is still yet to comments. Temperatures are expected to peak throughout January February. Today I will be discussing what is happening, why it is happening in how Australia has reacted in the past two warnings of climate disasters like the one occurring at present. Even though Australia is accustomed to frequent wall bars, the 2019 2020 wildfires are a whole different story. As of right now, according to CNN, 7.3 million hectares of land have been burned in Australia in total, which is equal to 17.9 million acres. Let's put that into perspective. The 2019 Amazon fires burned 17.5 million acres and the California wildfires in 2019 bird, 247,000 acres. Unlike those Fars, the Australian fires are still burning without an end in sight. The damage has already claimed the lives of 27 people with dozens still missing. The wildfires air all over Australia, but the place is being hit. The hardest are Victoria, South Australia and New South Wales. In New South Wales alone, more than 2000 homes have been destroyed or damaged. In December, the smoke from the plains covered Sydney, Australia, where the air quality measured 11 times the hazardous level. Bushfires in all Shirley are normal and in fact important in their ecosystems, according to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC. Many plants even rely on the bush fires to live. The occasion plan, for example, needs the bush fires to Crockett seedpods recon Germany. But when faras are extreme as they are this year, they couldn't harm the environment greatly, as of right now, is hard to tell how much vegetation and how many plants have died as the fires are still burning. Estimates are not betraying a promise promising picture. However, CNN estimates that half a 1,000,000,000 animals have been affected by the bars in New South Wales alone, according to the same ABC articles before, many of the animals are adapted to the bushfires and are able to hide or escape quickly. Many small reptiles hide in the Hiles Hollows of thick skin, trees or borough in the soil. Other animals, like Wallace, have more trouble seeing and estimates that 1/3 of the quality quality population in New South Wales have been killed in the fires, and 1/3 of their habitat is destroyed. Even if the animals don't die in the fire, according to ABC, Many may die later as they starve to death, waiting for plants to regrow or when they become more vulnerable to predators as there's less vegetation to hide them. So, to an extent, bushfires air good for Australia. But when their extreme, when they're as extreme as they are this year, they're detrimental. It's the environment. Bush fires can be formed naturally or by humans. According to the ABC Ah Bush Far could be caused by something as simple as throwing a cigarette butt out of the wind out of a window or something as large as lightning strike. Arson, burning carbon embers thrown from trains power lines and even lawnmowers have been known to cause bushfires. The problem in Australia, however, is that the conditions are the perfect conditions for spreading a bushfire. According to the New York Times, a severe heat wave pummeled the country in December. I'm not talking about a ah hot southern afternoon or even just a normal heat warning. This heat wave lets the hottest day on record with average highs of 107.4 degrees Fahrenheit. This has followed the driest spring on record in a shortage of rain in New South Wales in Queensland since early 2017. This is coupled with strong winds to make Australia a perfect breeding ground for wildfires, according to another article from ABC. Bushfires are most often seen and hot, dry and windy conditions which, if you were following along, is exactly what Australia is having. Right now. The dry and hot conditions talk any and all moisture out of vegetation in the area, allowing it to catch far easier. The windy conditions allow the fire to spread quickly. Bush fires usually burn a straight line. If hot enough, the wind currents can even heat the fuel ahead of the fire Mickey and even more prone to flames. So basically, what is happening is that the heat current is actually heating the grass in front of the wall far so that when the wall far gets to that grass, it just catches fire that much easier. To make matters worse in a process noticed, spotting pieces of burning material can be picked up by the wind and blown beyond the fire. These smaller fires then grow to make even to make an even bigger flame, making the fire that much harder to battle as far as I've become worse and worse, Australians have also been faced with the formation of pyro cumulonimbus clouds. Try saying that five times fast. They're also known for sure as piracy B, which is what I'm going to be calling them for the rest of this episode. Thes clouds form when there's so much smoke produced by the fires that they form clouds when they enter the atmosphere. There, what can best be described as rainless thunderstorms? Not only do they not contain rain, or at least not enoughto actually benefit, but according to a source from the consumer news and business chain or CNBC, the clouds can actually block rain. Thes thunderstorms even more risk for far because if you remember from earlier, lightning often ignites bushfires in Victoria and New South Wales, there have been several reports of Piracy V's, the tallest of which was 10 miles high. The terrorism stop there. One step beyond the piracy be is what forms when a pyro CV collapses of fire. Tornado. When the piracy be collapses, the results tornado like winds like a tear straight from money. Apocalyptic movie. A fire tornado formed in New South Wales and rolled over a 10 or 12 ton fire truck and killed a fireman inside in every way, the bushfires in Australia have been terrorizing both the animals and the people in Australia. Thes bushfires are not what Australians are used to, despite how shocking and unprecedented the Australian government and media have said, these bushfires are Scientists who have stayed Australia's climate are not at all surprised. In a review with CNN, climate scientists in Australian Tim Flannery stated he was quote absolutely certain in quote that climate change is responsible for the severe bushfires this year and were expected with the changing climate in fact, according to Tim Flannery, thes weather conditions and extreme fires have been predicted since the 19 eighties. Tim Flynn Ear's own climate Council has produced 12 reports for the government and people about the escalating fire risk and danger in Australia, as is the case many times the science has been here for decades, but politicians have not taken it seriously. Australia has avoided and shunned the signs of climate change and is now seeing the results of that. The 2020 Climate Change Performance Index ranked Australia last of 57 countries. Words climate policy And it's quite obvious why. For years, politicians in Australia have been preoccupied supporting their lucrative coal mining industry and ignoring environmental concerns. According to an article from The Guardian, the Australian Environmental Department has had its budget slashed by nearly 1/3 since 2013. This is despite the fact that the federal budget has grown by $36 billion since Tony Abbott took office and 2013 in 2011. There was a $946 million biodiversity fund which was funded by a carbon price avenue, and it was meant to preserve ecosystems. But in July 2013 The prime minister, Kevin Rude, lowered that to $213 million before you shut down altogether later that year. In 2014 to 2015 there's a cut of $471 million over four years to land care program. This program was a program that funded work concerning Landa Gration. This money was meant to be reductive, redirected to the Green Army, which was made of young volunteers in the unemployed who did important environmental work. But this organization was also shut down. In addition, Australia is one of the largest exporters of coal and only a couple of months ago approved the construction of a new coal mine that will be the largest in the world. I could go on for hours about the political inaction concerning the climate crisis and the years after years of Australian leaders denying climate change despite scientific proof proving them roll. But I think you get the idea when Australian politicians had the ability to protect their country against climate tragedies like the one occurring now they did nothing here. We see people, intelligent people at that who refused to accept an act on the climate crisis thes politicians would sell in Australia's environment, including the Great Barrier Reef, the countless rare species and the beautiful ecosystems that exists there for lumps of coal and money. These are the people who are leading the country and making the important decisions. It's not just Australia, though. It is everywhere the world needs to wake up, the world is literally on fire, and the generation and chart is doing nothing substantial to stop it. If we do not act now, there may not be a later. I implore you to act. Talk to people calling your local and state politicians do something. Thoughts and prayers are just not enough anymore. Instead of thoughts and prayers, we need action and change today before it's too late. Thankfully, there are people who are taking action. According to the New York Times, thousands of volunteer fire fires have worked 12 hour days battling the flames and countries from all around the world have given priceless aid to the suffering country below, Going to attach a link to a New York Times article that list several foundations to donate to including the Australian Red Cross in the New South Wales Fire Service. If anyone is interested. I send my love to everyone in Australia right now, especially to all of the families of those who have died and the fire fire's fighting relentlessly against the flames. Stay strong if you have any questions, or if there's a climate change topic you like me to talk about. Don't forget to come and blow on the instagram post associated with this episode. And if you haven't already subscribed his podcast and follow me on instagram a talking underscore about underscore Global underscore warming. Spread the word about this channel so that more people can be informed about global warming and we could take true stuffs to saving our world from climate change. Thanks for listening.